When the time comes which is often when
you want to do a spell or a ritual, you will desire a place or area to work your magic and rituals and to put your tools,
your inspirational items, anything you use to help you. Sometimes you may also like to have a more permanent sacred place
in your house or dwelling somewhere that is dedicated solely to your chosen deities or magical workings, daily devotionals
or what have you. I will explain as best i can on how one might erect and maintain an alter that will be fully functional
thought out the year gliding through the Sabbath peacefully and with ease all that is needed is a little time,creativity oh and magic!!
Altars can be simple or very complicated its really up to you as to how it will done. Altars can be an out of the way
type of thing some thing that can be easily taken apart and put away after each use, or they can be setup and disguised as
and ordinary shelf or area to place sacred non obvious objects for the more inquisitive touchy feely folks in your life. You
know the ones I am talking about.Or they can be quite elaborate and complicated
for those who are very open and love to have their altars out and setup. So as you can see anything from a corner to a squat
table, stool, shelf or shrine any thing will do as long as it is cleansed, consecrated and dedicated each time or when you
feel is necessary. Some do not have alters either because they do not desire them or for other reasons , as they simply rely
on nature or keep their alters beautifully erected in their hearts as our deities do not care what our decorations or area or bells and whistles look like as the desire
love not looks.
The purpose of building an altar
Honoring your pantheon or deities
other beliefs in the powers that be.
Celebrating, unions, anniversaries,
milestones, beginnings or completion's.
Paying respect to special people
dead or living.
Celebrating or connecting to the aspects
or roles in your life .
Healing mind, body or spirit.
Creating a space to encourage specific
moods such as romance, peace, tranquility, creativity etc.
When the decision has been made on what
your intent some like to have something physical to represent their intent or will, such as images, or something material
from nature or otherwise. It should be equally important to meditate on the purpose of the altar and maybe a ritual or ceremony
to make the intent clear to the Sacred ones. Your alter altar is representative of your desire and will so the clearer the
intent the shorter the path towards the result may be.
The elements and your altar
One to thing to keep in consideration
is the direction of your altar, although it can face any direction you like and be associated with any element, It is traditional
to have your altar facing north. Some do like to make a connection with a particular
directional element, others may not care as it is really up to you. Those following an eclectic path should feel free to create
an altar that represents their own spirituality. If you are a member of a specific tradition, you may find that a certain
altar layout is expected. If you choose to have items to represent the 4 elements, they are usually placed at their corresponding
~Fire ~ associated with the south and the noonday sun. Represents passion and will, purification, transformation,
sexuality. The sun. The heat of the body. The sense of sight. Lions, dragons, and phoenix. The wand is the tool of fire.
Correspondence of Fire
Gender: Masculine Season: Summer
Wiccan Directional Attribute: South Other Directional Attributes: any, depending on pagan tradition followed. Day:
Sunday Celtic time of day: Astrological Signs: Aries, Leo, Sagittarius Planets: Sun, Mars Colors: Red,
gold, yellow, orange. Chakra: Solar plexus(Center of stomach) Archangel: Michael Kerub: Lion Tools: Staff,
trident, stang, athame, wand, sword, feather, incense, spear, javelin, earrings, club, besom, wind instruments, smoking pipe,
copper, arrow, scourge/Whip, laridt Irish Names: Tine Sanskrit name: Tejas Qualities: Transformative, expansive
Sense: Sight Properties: Heat and dryness Alchemical Symbol: An upright triangle Tattwa symbol: upright red
triangle Magical associations: Banishing/exorcism, strength, passion/lust, employment, protection, change, sex magic,
legal matters, courage, anger, curse breaking, fidelity. Stones: amber, apache tear, bloodstone, carnelian, citrine, diamond,
flint, garnet, obsidian, onyx, rhoddocrosite, ruby, tiger’s eye, topaz, zircon Metals: brass, gold, steel Elemental
King: Salamander Other Elementals: Brown men, Drakes, gwyllions, oak man, the Red Cap, Will o’ the wisps. Tarot
Suit: Wands Tarot Cards: The Emperor, Strength, the Sun. Runes: Thurisaz, Kenaz, naudhiz, sowilo, ingwaz. Animals:
Reptiles dwelling above ground, like tree lizards; animals symbolizing strength, like bear and lion. Celtic Sacred Trees:
Blackthorn, Holly, Ivy, Oak, Silver Fir. Herbs and Plants: allspice, basil, bay, ginger, gorse, hyssop, rosemary, thistle,
wormwood, tobacco. Kabalistic Sephirot: Netzach(victory), Geburah(Judgment), Chokeman(wisdom). Gods: Prometheus(Greek),
Lugh(Irish), Agni(Hindi), Astar(Persian), Aughi Turoa(aboriginal), Da-Bog(Slavic), Futsunushi(Japanese), Gibi(Babylonian),
Kago-Zuchi(Japanese), Duamutif(Egyptian), Govannon(Celtic), Katcochila(Native North American), Svarozhich(Slavic), Tohil(centeral
American), Veueteotl(Aztec), Vulcan(Roman), Wekwek(native north American), Xiuhtectli(Aztec). Goddesses: Yamaya(West Aftrican),
Brigid(Irish), Aine(Irish), Maia(Greek), Vesta(Roman), Yolkaiestsan(native north American), Davata(hindi), Feronia(Italian),
Pele(Polynesian), Fuji(Japanese), Holika(Indian), Chuginadak(Inuit), Aetna(Italian), Hestia(Greek), Grian(Irish), Lucina(Italian).
~Water ~ associated with the west and setting sun. Represents emotion and intuition, love and sorrow. The ocean.
The womb and blood. The sense of taste. Anything that swims; fish, dolphins, and whales. The chalice is the tool of water.
Correspondence of Water
Gender: Feminine Season: Autumn
or winter Wiccan Directional: West Other Directional: any, depending on pagan tradition followed. Days: Monday,
Friday Celtic Time of Day: Dusk Astrological Sign: Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces Planet: moon Colors: Silver, Purple,
white, blue, indigo Chakra: Navel(just below the belly button) Archangel: Gabriel Kerub: Eagle Tools: Cup,
chalice, cauldron, hollow horn, bowl, pitcher, goblet, ring, wine, cask, barrel, silver items, any cool liquid, tea kettle,
shells, paint brushes, sickle. Irish Name: Uisce Sanskrit name: Apas Qualities: Purifying, contraction Sense:
taste Properties: Cold and dampness Alchemical symbol: an inverted triangle Tattwa symbol: Silver crescent with
horns pointing upward. Magical associations: Love and romance, psychic power, astral travel, dream work, meditation/path
work, healing, spiritual pursuits, child birth, death/rebirth, spirit contact. Stones: Amethyst, aquamarine, beryl, chalcedony,
coral, lapis lazuli, marble, moonstone, pearl, sapphire, selenite, sodalite. Metals: copper, silver Elemental King:
Undine Other Elementals: Alvens, ashrays, Banshees, Nixies, merpeople, galaistigs, kelpies, shoneys, he Leanansidhe, the
Lorelei, Ly Ergy, Mal-de-mers, Rusalkis, selkies, shelley coats, snow faeries. Tarot Suit: Cups Tarot cards: Death,
the moon Runes: Uruz, gobos, hagalaz, isa, pethro, ehwaz, laguz, dagaz. Animals: Fish and other aquatic Creatures.
Celtic Sacred trees: alder, hazel, linden, reed, rowan, white poplar, willow, yew. Herbs and Plants: Belladonna (hallucinogen
can be dangerous), blackberry, Jasmine, vanilla, lotus, valerian, yarrow, lilac, mesquite, comfrey, burdock, camphor, myrrh,
orris. Kabalistic Sephirot: Hot (splendor), Chesed(mercy), Binah(Understanding). Gods: Poseidon(Greek), Neptune(Roman),
Lir(welsh), Mamnnanan(Irish), Achelous(Greek), Indra(Hindi), Aegir(Norse), Althaeas(Greek), Apo(Persian), Apsu(Babylonian),
Chiaga(Central American), Ea(Chaldaean), Dylan(welsh), Imset(Egyptian), Inachus(Greek), Bn-ym(Phoenician), Tamesis(English),
Melqart(Phoenician), Nakki(Finnish), Ngurvillu(South American) Nun(Egyptian), oluksak(Inuit), proteus(Greek), Untunktahe(native
north American), yamn(Babylonian). Goddesses: Sequana(Celtic), Boann(Irish), Ganga(hindi), Nammu(Sumerian), Jurate(Baltic),
Sarasveti(hindi), Juras Mate(Lithuanian), Venus(Greek), Cacce-Jienne(Lapp), Ceibhfhionn(Irish)
~Earth ~ Associated with the north
and . Represents the physical world, stability, practicalitiy, and silence.
The mountains. The bones of the body. The sense of touch. Anything solid or earth dwelling; bulls, the stag, worms, and moles.
The pentacle (disk, stone) is the tool of earth.
Correspondence of Earth
Gender: Feminine Seasons: Autumn
or winter Wiccan directional: North Other directional: any depending on pagan tradition followed Days: None Celtic
time of day: Midnight Astrological signs: Taurus, Virgo, Capricorn Planet: Earth Colors: Brown, green, blue, yellow
Chakra: root (at base of tailbone) Archangel: Uriel Kerub: bull Tools: disk, carved wood (the pentacle), hammer,
stones, clay, bowl of earth, salt, double-headed axe, shield, wheel, necklace, club, roots, drum, bronze, bow, animal fur/pelts,
sand mallet. Irish Name: Talamh Sanskrit name: Prithivi Qualities: stabilizing, grounding Sense: smell Properties:
cold and dryness Alchemical symbol: Inverted triangle bisected by a horizontal line. Tattwa symbol: yellow square
Magical association: fertility, magick for the home and animals, eco-magick, prosperity/wealth, healing, centering/grounding.
Stones: amazonite, cat’s eye, emerald, geodes, Jade, Jet, Malachite, olivine, peridot, turquoise. Metals: Lead,
mercury Elemental King: gnome Other elementals: attorcroppes, brownies, bubachs, clurichauns, Elves, fireesins, gruagachs,
huldrafolk, knockers, kolbalds, korreds, leprechauns, menehunas, skogrsas, sylvans, trolls, imps Tarot Suit: Pentacles
or stones Tarot cards: The Empress Runes: Fehu, wunjo, hera, berkano, mannaz, othala Animals: Snakes, burrowing
animals, and many spiders. Celtic Sacred trees: ash, dwarf elm, hawthorn Kabalistic sephira: From heberw tree of life…
Malkuth(Earth) Gods: Dagon(Phoenician), Ishuara(hindi), aker(Egyptian), Ashi Nadzuchi(Japanese), mullas(Mayan), Consus(Roman),
Hapi(Egyptian), Nai-No-Kami(Japanese). Goddesses: Odidud(west Africa), Eriu(Irish), Tellus Mater(roman), Habondia(celto-Germanic),
Aeracura(celtic), Erce(Slavic), Zemyna(Lithuanian), Yak(Malaysian), Waramurumngundji(aboriginal), Taillte(Irish), Mati(Slavic),
Gaia(Greek), Hybla(Italian), Beruth(Phoenician), Apia-Fellus(scythian), Coatlicue(Aztec), Ma-Emna(Baltic), Isong(West Africa),
~Air ~ associated with the east and the rising sun. Represents thought, intellectual processes, intuitive
and psychic work. Wind. The breath of the body. The sense of smell. Anything that flies; birds and insects. The athame is
the tool of air.
Correspondence of Air
Gender: Masculine Season: Spring Wiccan
Directional Attribute: East Other Directional attribute: Any depending on pagan tradition Day: Wednesday Celtic
Time of Day: Dawn Astrological Signs: Gemini, Libra, Aquarius Planet: Neptune Colors: Yellow, Pale blue Chakra:
Heart Center (Area of breast bone) Archangel: Rafael Kerub; human being Tools: Candles, all blades forged in fire,
wand, red or orange stones, Pike, Claymore, Matches, flint, ashes, wheel, torch bracelet, solar disk (equilateral cross in
circle), besom, gold, spear, lariat, scourge/whip, ram’s horn, fan, pen/pencil, letter opener, shepherd’s crook.
Irish name: Aer Sanskrit name: Vayu Quality: Mobilization, swiftness Alchemical Symbol: an upright triangle
bisected by a horizontal line. Tattwa symbol: Blue circle Magical association: Travel, astral travel, intellectual
matters, communication, and musical spells, fidelity. Stones: adventurine, mica, pumice, sphene, meteorites. Metals:
aluminum, tin Elemental King: Sylph Other Elementals: Bocans, chi spirits, djinn, dryads, the fachan, foletti, flygiars,
gryphon’s, gremlins, leshess, lobs, orculli, phookas, pixies, pillywiggins, spriggans. Tarot suit: swords or blades.
Tarot cards: The Hermit, Wheel of Fortune. Runes: Ansyz, raidho, eihwas, tiway. Animals: Birds and flying insects
Celtic sacred Trees: alder, birch Herbs and plants: Agrimony, dandelion, hops, lavender, marjoram, mistletoe, holly,
parsley. Kabalistic sepherot: Yesod (Foundation), Tipharet (Beauty) Gods: Ioskeha(native north American), Aleion(Phoenician),
Aquillo(Roman), Boreas(Greek), Auster(Roman), Awhiowhio(aboriginal), Ecalchot(Central American), Ehecatl(Aztec), Enlil(Sumerian),
Esaugetuh(native north American), Qebesenuf(Egyptian), Ilma(Finnish), Meuler(Incan), Tatsuta Hiko(Japanese), Ukko(Finnish),
Vaya(Hindi) Goddesses: Oya(West African), Feng Pho-Pho(Chinese), Guabancez(Central American), Mardeq Avalon(Russian),
Ninlil(Babylonian), Shina-to-be(Japanese) Yondung Halmoni(Korean), Iphigenia(Greek)
The fifth element it has no gender
association and no set place within a ritual circle. Directionally seen as above and below, inside and out, in the center
and all about us and within all the other elements. It both transcends them. Although spirit can be associated with magic
using cords, cloaks, or any item that ties, binds unifies, or connects other elements.
One of the interpretations of the
pentagram, the five-pointed star that has come to symbols much of western paganism, is one of elemental unity.
The relationship between spirit and
the other elements on the pentagram presents spirit as the ruler of the apex, under which all the others take their place.
Spirit Correspondences Chart
Directional: Center and/or above Colors:
White and/or Black Chakra: Crown (at the top of the head) Tools: Cords, Cloaks, medicine bags, et cetera; anything
that symbolizes the binding or unification of the other elements. Sanskrit names: Akasha Latin name: Aether Other
names: Quintessence, Nyr Qualities: Pervasive, omnipresent Sense: Hearing Alchemical Symbol: Sometimes the star
of David also known as Solomon's Seal; two interlaced triangles, one pointing up and the other pointing down. Stones:
Quartz crystal Tattwa symbol: Black oval Tarot Card: The world Celtic Sacred Tree: Apple Kabalistic Sephira:
Kether (Crown) Deities: All
In taking time to think about and constructing
our altars we can put to use objects and symbols in this realm that connect to
ourselves and to other realms to serve our purpose in this life. To havefurther
influence on ourselves and the universewe can create links between the conscious
and the sub-conscious to bring about change. In this way building and working an altar can be a powerful tool that can set
changes in motion. Lets point out some of our altar tools and how they can cleansed ,consecrated and charged to ultimately
to get the job done.
Cleansings are performed to clean areas
and tools of negative energy. I believe that negativity can enter areas and objects causing incomplete work and overall magical
efficiency. When a witch has gathered together their tools or object sit is very common that they cleanse those items so that
they may be free of negative forces. When you see a witch’s altar you must not touch anything unless you are given permission.
All people carry karma some is good & some bad, witches believe that you can leave bits of that on items just by touching
them. Cleansing an altar is very time consuming so that is why you must never touch another persons altar items without their
permission. Cleansings are both physical & spiritual in nature. We do actually physically clean an area as well cleanse
it through a ritual.
~Earth ~ The earth
is wonderful for cleansing your tools. You may simply choose to bury your tools within the earth. This will cleanse them.
Mother earth always gives us everything we need to do our magical workings.
~Salt ~ Also great for cleansing. Simply
get a bowl add salt and literally bury your tool within the salt. It is cleansed. Full Moon Cleansing – place your
tools under the full moon will not only cleanse the tools but also charge them. What better source to use then the wonderful
power within the full moon. Note remove your tools prior to sunrise when practicing this method.
Pagan tools are nothing if
not consecrated properly. Consecration purifies by means of salt, water and incense. The salt, water, and incense stand for
the four elements of the Wise - earth, water, and fire, together with air. By consecrating anything, you are in effect using
these four basic ingredients to "wash" the article of all unwanted vibrations, prior to recharging it with your own will and
concentrated power. Consecration must take place before a circle is cast, as of course the tools are used in magical
Basically, any form of words can
be used to consecrate something, ranging from a long sounding Latin invocation to a simple jingle. Witches generally prefer
the latter. The chants can be freely replaced by your own words (which are best) Before a consecration is to take place, it
is best to take a nice herbal or ritual bath and meditate. Indoors or out, one must be comfortable, alone or at least hidden
from prying eyes, and in a very positive frame of mind.